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ComparisonChina AIDS Australia代寫

A Critical Comparison between China and Australia in the Prevention of AIDS
 
AIDS is a disease that draws international attention. It causes huge panic wherever it appears. As is known to all, there is no cure for AIDS up till now, so prevention becomes really important. Australia joined OECD in June 7, 1971, while China is still having a complex and long accession procedure towards it. In spite of this, both countries spare no efforts in preventing AIDS at different levels. Each, for sure, has its own features. This essay will firstly discuss the prevention of AIDS in Australia. Following this, it will explain the prevention of AIDS in China.
 
Australia’s first recorded case of AIDS was in Sydney in October 1982, and the first Australian death from AIDS happened in Melbourne in July. By then end of 2011, 31,645 cases had been confirmed and nowadays, more than 24,000 people lived with HIV. 66% of transmissions happened among males. 25% of transmissions were attributed to heterosexual sex. 3% of transmissions were spread through injecting drug use and the rest 6% of transmissions does not have determined mode (Australian Federation of AIDS Organizations 2013). Australia is a country called “mixed pot”, for it consists of various races. As a result, inequality and discrimination never disappear. More unfortunately, people diagnosing or living with AIDS are faced with even more serious dilemma. This leads to a key way of prevention of AIDS that people should erase their wrong ideas about those who are diagnosed or living with AIDS. In Australia, an approach of developing media and educational AIDS material for specific cultures are introduced. Some people, those who are in bad health status, due to extensive malnutrition, poor environment, inadequate services, may have a higher prevalence of substance abuse (Smallwood 1991). Therefore, specified consultation must take place in the local areas, as well as specified networking, communication materials. That is to say, theses programs should be based on local communities, which may sound most natural, realistic and kind-hearted. In an urgency to really understand equality, former social concepts must be neglected. These are people’s attempts in psychology and health. In addition, for AIDS is something occurs in the field of modern medicine, most attention should be paid in curing it thoroughly in a scientific way. However, AIDS is so strong a disease that people still cannot defeat. At present, Australians utilize so-called antiviral drug therapies, which postpone the inevitable fatal onset of AIDS, giving new hopes to people (G.W.Dowsett 2007). Medical scientists now think optimistically about drugs that keep HIV benign, perhaps for decades. But people should be aware that the virus still exists and no vaccine has been found. Owing to Australian government and many organizations’ hard work, the prevention and control of AIDS is rather effective. They do protect those who are affected and need special care, which is really a wonderful thing every country needs to learn from and put into practice.
 
China has been considered a high AIDS prevalence country for its huge population. The first AIDS case was in 1985 in a dying tourist and the first native eruption occurred in Yunnan province, closest to the Golden Triangle and the Golden Crescent, which are centers of China’s trade in illicit drugs. Since then, AIDS spread from Yunnan province to the neighboring areas. In 2011,the total number of 28,000 people died from AIDS, and another 48,000 were found newly infected in the rural areas (Kaiser Family Foundation 2011). An official report released in 2009 stated that for the first time, AIDS was China's major cause of death among infectious diseases in 2008. Nowadays, the most common transmission ways for AIDS are intravenous drug use and commercial sexuality. Up till 2007, some 23.6% of all China’s documented cases of AIDS had been caused by participation in blood trade, which is also the main feature of China’s AIDS transmission. However, for a country, which embeds with traditions and profoundly interfered with symbolism, government’s behaviors are the most significant. Chinese government’s visible response was essentially delayed for many years. In late 2003, the Premier has handshake with an AIDS patient, which became the unprecedented and influential event leading to strong reverberation in the whole country. Since then, Chinese government started an impressive Four Free One Care policy: free HIV testing, free antiretroviral drugs, free care for HIV-infected mothers, free education for AIDS orphans and financial aids to AIDS-affected families (Derek 2005). All kinds of public health education and prevention campaigns are made to enhance the attention of the society. Various measure packages have been implemented across the whole country, including promotion of condom usage, methadone substitutions, and programs for exchange of needles (Wu 2007). The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention collaborated with local Internet companies to conduct regular nationwide surveys to master the conditions. What’s more, specialists in the Center are doing their best to research and experiment on HIV vaccine with advancing progress. After several regional conferences, the investigators and Asian scientists are cooperated to work on the AIDS Vaccine for Asia Network. The network is a part of the Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise through which all specialists are rallied globally to acieve the final target of a safer and more effective HIV vaccine (Kent 2010).
 
In conclusion, both Australia and China are faced with sever predicament in AIDS prevention. While the transmission of AIDS has been limited with a bit success, it continues to maintain rigorous. Probably, combining the whole world’s efforts to work in union is the best means to handle the difficulties and erase the obstacles towards a triumphant vaccine. Moreover, people should not only prevent AIDS medically, but also set up laws to protect those who are affected for social equality and extinction of discrimination, which is also an enormous progress in human rights. Both countries, no matter whether they are the members of OECD, mutual co-operations need to be realized and mutual learning is of high necessity. With the development of modern science and medicine, we should combine technology together with spiritual care and support to finally solve this common disease.
 
Word count: 1007
 
References:
Australian Federation of AIDS Organizations 2013, HIV Statistics in Australia, viewed 27 March 2013, <http://www.afao.org.au/about-hiv/the-hiv-epidemic/hiv-statistics-australia>.
Derek R. Smith, Ning Wei, Peter A. Leggat, Rui-sheng Wang, ‘HIV/AIDS Prevention in China: A Challenge for the New Millennium’, Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, vol. 10, 125-129, May 2005.
G. W. Dowsett, M. D. Davis & R.W. Connell (1992): Working Class Homosexuality and HIV/AIDS Prevention Some Recent Research from Sydney, Australia, Psychology & Health, 6:4, 313-324.
Kent SJ, Cooper DA, Chhi Vun M, Shao Y, Zhang L, Ganguly N 2010, AIDS Vaccine for Asia Network: Expanding the Regional Role in Developing HIV Vaccines, PLoS Med.
Smallwood, Gracelyn, J 1991, ‘AIDS Prevention and Control’, Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal, vol. 15, no. 6, <http://search.informit.com.au.ezproxy.library.uq.edu.au/documentSummary;dn=292294827340549;res=IELIND>.
The Kaiser Family Foundation 2011, China Releases Updated Statistics on HIV/AIDS, viewed 27 March 2013, <http://globalhealth.kff.org/Daily-Reports/2012/January/23/GH-012312-China-AIDS.aspx>.
T. Teng, Y. Shao, J 2011, ‘Scientific Approaches to AIDS Prevention and Control in China’, Advances in Dental Research, <http://adr.sagepub.com/content/23/1/10>.
Wu Z, Sullivan SG, Wang Y, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Detels R 2007, Evolution of China’s Response to HIV/AIDS, Lancet.

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There will be frequent typographical and/or grammatical and/or spelling
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Presents a good argument
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Make use of their own voice
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