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悉尼代寫 assignment Finance assignment essay 代寫

6/10  2 hours closed book
 

  1. a) Use a diagram to explain why faster growth of the population makes it harder to achieve a high level of prosperity in the Solow model. Clearly label the axes and the lines in your diagram. b) Use the logic of the Solow model to explain why average economic growth is much higher in successful developing countries than in countries that are already among the richest in the world.
 悉尼代寫 assignment Finance assignment essay 代寫
  1. Even if we exclude the rich city states of Hong Kong and Singapore, ranking countries according to their density of population, we find some very rich countries at the top of the list (Netherlands, Japan).  Discuss how the Romer model differs from the Solow model in its perspective on populationb) Mention two other important patterns you observe  in economic growth worldwide – not related to population issues -  which the Solow model is not equipped to explain.
 
 
  1. a) What is meant by a leading indicator of the business cycle? Why do businesspeople pay attention to such indicators? Give two examples of leading indicators for a small export-oriented economy. Also give one example of a domestic leading indicator for a large economy in which exports are a small percentage of the economy. b) Discuss whether the stock market is a useful leading indicator of the economy.
 
  1. Politicians in opposition sometimes criticize the government of their country for not following the same policies for borrowing and debt that would be prudent and wise for a family. Discuss whether rules for deficits and debt for a country should be the same as rules for borrowing for families.  If you see reasons why countries may follow different rules than families, clearly explain why.
 悉尼代寫 assignment Finance assignment essay 代寫
  1. Textbooks on macroeconomics explain the so-called IS curve and use it to show how the government can boost economic growth in the current year.  a) Explain why no serious economist would claim that a government can do this successfully every year.
b) In current debates, many politicians and economists also argue against a one-time attempt in 2012 to improve numbers for growth by shifting the IS curve with a one-time increase in government spending. Mention two reasons to be cautious with more government spending to boost growth, even if the plan is to do it one-time only.
 
  1. a) In some country, the rate of inflation is expected to increase from 2 percent to 5 percent and people fear that the increase will be permanent if the central bank does not take action. Currently the nominal interest rate under control of the central bank is 4 percent and does not yet reflect the expected increase in inflation.  Use a diagram for the real interest rate and the inflation rate to explain why it is likely that the central bank will have to increase the interest rate by a large amount. In both diagram and text, indicate clearly whether you deal with the real rate or with the nominal rate.
b) If such an increase in expected inflation as above is related to higher prices for food in a developing country where food prices are a big part of inflation, would you then change the analysis from part (a) and give a different recommendation to the central bank? Give one argument in favour of not increasing the interest rate by a large amount and one argument against.
 
  1. Suppose a country has a bad economic year with an unexpected one-time decline in output.  a) Show in a diagram how this would affect the demand curve for real balances. Clearly indicate the axes and any lines in the diagram.  b) Should the central bank in such a case try to remove money from the economy and aim at a decline in the supply of money in order to avoid inflation?
 
  1. Economic growth in the current year will be higher if the AD curve shifts to the right and also if the AS curve shifts to the right. Use two simple diagrams to explain which case would be better news for the country.
 
  1. The graphs shows the so-called Taylor rule applied to the United States. Write an explanation of the graph for an audience of non-economists. Give some details about two interesting episodes where the two lines in the graph deviate and are not close to one another. [add picture 13.9 from the textbook].
 
  1. Picture 18.9 from the textbook is reproduced here. a)  Explain to a non-economist what this picture represents. b) Where would you locate these additional countries: Denmark (fixed exchange rate with the Euro but not a member of the Eurozone and a very open capital account);  Australia (a floating exchange rate and a very open economy); Latvia (a small country that maintains a fixed exchange rate with the Euro and hopes to become a member of the Eurozone).
 悉尼代寫 assignment Finance assignment essay 代寫

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