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Organizational Behavior
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction
It is known that Parliament in Australia has a long history and as other democratic countries, Australia has more than one party in the Parliament. The members of the parties in the Parliament would decide which party to govern the country. Besides the major parties members in the Parliament, there are five members of Parliament are independent from the major parties. Their willing and power would have certain influence on the election and decide which party to be the ruling party. In this essay, the background of Parliament in Australia would be discussed firstly. Following this, the statues and power source of the five independent MPs would be discussed. After that, the individual role in the Parliament of the five MPs would be discussed. The relationship between major parties and five MPs would be found out in order to discuss the way to negate the five MPs’ power in the election. Finally, a recommendation would be given.
 
Background
Australian Federal Parliament has been set since 1901 and the parties in it have changed a lot since its beginning (R.I.C. Publications, 2008, p53). It is known that there are three major parties in Australian Parliament and these three parties had been changed. In 1909, Protectionist, Free Trade and Labor were the major parties and Protectionist governed Australia with Labor alternatively (Macintyre, 2009, p150). But now the major parties in Australian Federal Parliament are these two parties: Australian Labor Party and Australian Liberal Party (McAllister, Dowrick. & Hassan, 2003, p266). Also, Green Party is another major party in Australian Federal Parliament though it does not rule the country. And it also has one member in the Parliament. In this essay, the five independent MPs including four independents and one Green, they are independent from the major parties. As it is known that there are 150 seats in the Parliament and this number of seats had been changed for several times. It was once 148 and in 2001 the number had been raise to 150 and has been kept till now. When the two major parties get the same seats in the Parliament, these five MPs would be the key elements for them to rule the country. Therefore, to know the power source of these five MPs would be important for the major parties to control these five MPs or to negate these five MPs.
 
Source of Power
Statues of Five Independent MPs
As mentioned, these five MPs are four independents and one Green. Their statues would be connected with the statues of their party or their political opinion. And their statues would decide their power and the power source they have. Therefore, the statues of these five MPs should be studied first.
 
It is known that for a long time, Labor Party and Liberal Party rule Australian government alternatively. And as they would always gain the overpowering advantage in the Parliament, the power of independent MPs would not matter anything. But this year, the Labor and the Liberal almost get the same number of seats in the Parliament, and then it means that which party gains the support from independent MPs would gain the whole government. It could be suspected that since the beginning of Parliament in Australia, independent MPs had never been pushed to a such important statues before. This situation could be caused by the political system in Australian Parliament which follows the Great Britain’s Westminster System of Government (Spedding, 2004, p362). According to this system, the party which gains the most seats in Parliament would be the one to rule the government. As the MPs would be selected from different area in Australia and it is suspected that MPs would represent the willing of citizens’ best, this system of government would be perfect. However, when the situation like this year appears, this system would be weak. The focus point for the government power would not be the policy the parties would have while their governing but the decision of the independent MPs. It should be known that the competition between the two parties in the Parliament would be the main reason for why independent MPs could be the focus in the political field this year.   
 
Source of Their Power
From the situation and background of the five independent MPs, it could be found that the source of their power would be the weakness of the major parties. It is known that the four independent MPs and one Green are from the remote area in Australia. There are several reasons for why these five MPs could gain the remote areas and beat the major parties in these areas. When the major parties fight for the big cities and major areas in Australia, they might forget these remote areas and the power of the major parties in these areas could be weak. Besides, the influence of the major parties members might not be as large as these independent parties in the remote area for some reasons, such as the personality, family background and so on. And these reasons decided that the independent MPs won in these areas. However, as these five independent MPs, except the Green, do not have well-organized party background or political theories, they might not be able to perform as well as the major parties in political. Their power does not root in the well-organized political performance but root in the keen competition between the two major parties. For the election in 2010, the focus would not be on the political plans but might locate on the relationship between major parties and independent MPs.   
 
Individual
Definition of Organizational Behavior
According to the relationship between the Labor party, Liberal Party and the five independent MPs, it could be know that these three groups are the individuals in the Parliament. The Parliament would be one big organization. The party which won in the election would be the leader in this organization and how to make this organization to operate well would be as important as to balance the power of every individual in the organization. And at this time, the organizational behavior is needed. The organizational behavior management would help a team to be well-organized and achieve the most effective situation in the competition (Griffin & Moorhead, 2010, p246). With this management skill, the parties could organize their parties well. Also, with the organizational behavior skills, the parties could balance the power in the Parliament and win in the competition. With the organizational behavior, the parties could strengthen their power and win in the elections. Also, when the parties want show their power in the Parliament, they need the help of organizational behavior. The organizational behavior would help the party to be stronger and the members in the party could perform well under the code of the party.    
 
Relationship between the Organization and Individual
There are many aspects for the organization: the individual, the leadership and team behavior and the organization (Hellriegel & Slocum, 2007, p27). There are two sets of organization in Australian Parliament. One set is the party, the party members and the party would be one organization. And the other is the Parliament itself. In the Parliament set, the Labor Party, the Liberal Party and the independent MPs would be the individual. The leadership and team behavior would be shown by the ruling party. To win the election, parties need to know the way to strengthen the leadership and team behavior. They need to do something on their members as they are the individual in the organization. And it should be known that the individual in the organization would be the basic unit in the organization. The individual behavior has certain influence on the organizational performance and should be modified by the organizational code---- the party’s code. The leadership in the organization should also be paid attention to. The leadership would sometimes connect with the personality. And the organizational system would be important to the organizational behavior, especially for the individual behavior.
Way to Negate the Five MPs’ Power
Base on the situation in the Parliament and in the election, it could be suspected that the power the independent MPs have would come from the competition of the two major parties. To win this election in 2010 would need the support from these five MPs. This situation might lead to the trade between the major parties and the five MPs. This could not be a reasonable situation for election. Therefore, if the major party wants to win in the competition and to rule the country, it needs search help from the organizational behavior management. Take the Labor Party for example. There are two ways for it to negate the power of five MPs. The first way is to strengthen the power of its party. It could be the methodology the major party does at the beginning of the election. Only with modified individual behavior in the party, the figure of the party and the support from the public could be improved. The improvement of the individual behavior should be taken at the beginning of the election. But at the last period of the election, the individual behavior might not be enough. When the parties come to the situation as now, the organizational behavior needs to be enlarged to the Parliament field. The Parliament needs a better organizational system. And the Labor Party should identify its leadership in the Parliament even it has not been the ruling party. It could play as the leader and modify other members in the Parliament.    
Conclusion
In conclusion, the five MPs have the power just because of the competition between the two major parties. Once one party could have the advantage in the competition, the power of the five individual MPs would be ignored. Therefore, to avoid this situation needs the organizational behavior management of the two parties. They could modify their members’ behavior in order to strengthen the power of the parties and to play as the leader in the Parliament. It could be suspected that the power of individual MPs would not last long and their power would not be good for the democracy in Australia. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reference
Griffin R. W. & Moorhead G., (2010), Organizational Behavior: Managing People and Organizations, Mason, South-Western Cengage Learning, p246
 
Hellriegel D. & Slocum J. W., (2007), Organizational Behavior, Mason, Thomson Higher Education, p27
 
Macintyre S., (2009), A Concise History of Australia, Melbourne, Cambridge University Press, p150
 
McAllister I., Dowrick S. & Hassan R., (2003), The Cambridge Handbook of the Social Sciences in Australia, Melbourne, Cambridge University Press, p266
 
R.I.C. Publications, (2008), Australian History - Primary, Greenwood, R. I. C. Publication, p53
 
Spedding L. S., (2004), Due Diligence and Corporate Governance, Wiltshire, Lexis Nexis, p362
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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