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Foundations of Social Science代寫


 

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY

FOUNDATION PROGRAM

 
 
FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL SCIENCE A
PERSONAL AND SOCIAL IDENTITY
 
STUDY GUIDE
SEMESTER 1, 2013

 

 
 
 
 
STUDENT NAME……………………………….
 
STUDENT NUMBER………………
 
TEACHER…………………
 
 
 
 
 

The University of Sydney Foundation Program
 
 

Foundations of Social Science - 2013

 
 
 
SFSA
 
JANUARY  SEMESTER
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Topic 1: Personal and Social Identity
 
 
 
 
 

 
TERMINOLOGY DEFINITION
 
Acculturation
 
 
 
Change
 
 
 
Citizenship
 
 
 
Communication
 
 
 
Community
 
 
 
Conflict
 
 
 
Continuity
 
 
 
Cooperation
 
 
 
Decision making
 
 
 
Enculturation
 
 
 
Groups
 
 
 
Macro world
 
 
 
Micro world
 
 
 
Multiculturalism
 
 
 

Social and Cultural Literacy

 
Socialisation
 
 
 
 
TERMINOLOGY DEFINITION
 
Class
 
 
 
Status
 
 
Ethnicity
 
 
Family
 
 
 
Identity
 
 
 
Kinship
 
 
Life-stages
 
 
 
Responsibilities
 
 
 
Rights
 
 
 
Rites of passage
 
 
 
Self
 
 
 
Social Construct
 
 
 
 
 
Student Text
Howitt B and Julian R (2009) Society and Culture 2ed  Melb. Vic: Heinemann Harcourt Education

 

Topic Texts

Donnelly K, Grove SJ, Leaver , Lieberman F, Lovat T and Webster P (2008) Society and Culture Preliminary and HSC Melb., Vic: Thomson Social Science Press
 

Section 1: Introductory Concepts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
This introductory work introduces the student to the origins of social science as an academic subject and some of the significant theorists referred to in the course such as Karl Marx and Max Weber. The five fundamentals of the course are described and related concepts such as power, authority, gender etc
 

 
FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL SCIENCE draws upon a number of individual disciplines. Find out what each of these disciplines studies:
·  Sociology
 
 
 
 
 
·  Anthropology
 
 
 
 
 
·  Philosophy
 
 
 
 
 
·  History
 
 
 
 
 
·  Geography
 
 
 
 
 
·  Political science
 
 
 
 
·  International studies
 
 
 
 
 
·  Archaeology
 
 
 
 
 
·  Environmental Studies
 
 
 
 
 
·  Peace Studies
 
 
 
 
 
·  Gender Studies
 
 
 
 
 
·  Cultural studies
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Introduction to Social Science and the Five Fundamental Concepts
 
 
Social Science (the study of society) is concerned with the interaction of persons, societies, cultures, environments and time. It promotes knowledge of personal, social and cultural identity as well as continuity and change and is based on human behaviours.
 
To help us develop our understandings of human behaviour we need to understand the following FIVE concepts:
 
目標圖
 
_______________________________________________ è
Time
Diagram: Howitt and Julian (2009) p5
 
 

Extension Tasks – Exploring the Five Fundamental Concepts:
 
1.    Distinguish between the Micro and Macro world.
 
 
 
2.    Identify 2 persons. One from your micro world and one from your macro world.
 
 
 
3.    Often societies and cultures have symbols, some of which are well known. Discuss some of   
       the symbols of different societies and cultures, from around the world, including your own.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.    List some cultural traits of Australia that you see as different to your own culture or to another society and culture that you know.
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.    Identify 2 aspects of your natural ‘environment’ that influence your day to day life.
 
 
 
6.    Complete the following table:
 
ENVIRONMENT Influence on Human Activity Example
Alpine
 
   
Tropical
 
 
   
Desert
 
 
   
Mountains
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.     With reference to your own society: How has the environment changed over time?
 
 
 
 
8.     Identify 2 aspects of your understanding of ‘time’ and how these shape your day to day life.
 
 
 
 
9.    Read text and discuss each of these concepts with a partner and then in your own  
       words explain each concept and how it helps develop our understandings about human  
       behaviour.
 
Person _____________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 
Society ____________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Culture ____________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Environment ________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
Time ______________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
 
 
10.   The Queenslander is a famous form of architecture in Brisbane. In what way are its features  
              linked to that environment (and time)?
 
 


 
 
 

Social and Cultural Literacy
 
A major skill of this course is learning to develop social and cultural literacy.
 
Socially and culturally literate people are interested in
___________________________________________________________________________
 
___________________________________________________________________________
 
___________________________________________________________________________
 
___________________________________________________________________________
 
 
Related terms and concepts
 
Another major skill of this course is learning to apply concepts and use them to talk about the materials studied.
 
Define each of the following and discuss how they help us talk about societies and cultures:
Gender
 
 
 
 
 
 
Power
 
 
 
 
 
Authority
 
 
 
 

 
Technology
 
 
 
 
 
 
Macro world
 
 
 
 
Micro world
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuity and Change
 
 
 
Independent Learning
Page12 and 40 have a list of very important concepts that you need to learn and understand – and be able to use to talk about the issues we explore. In assessment tasks and examinations you will be expected to apply these concepts.
 
Class quiz – this will be run by your teacher to check your understanding. Learn the concepts using your own words.
 

 
.What is Social and Cultural research?
 
Class Discussion
 
What is ‘scientific method’?
Social Science is considered a ‘science’ because…
 
 
 
List EIGHT steps in the process of social and cultural research. (Text p22)
1.
 
 
 
2.
 
 
 
3.
 
 
 
4.
 
 
 
5.
 
 
 
6.
 
 
 
7.
 
 
 
8.
 
 

 
Research methodologies exist on a continuum from quantitative methodologies to qualitative methodologies, that is, from methodologies that easily measure and quantify data to those that collect detailed and less measurable and, therefore, less quantifiable data. Few methodologies are exclusively quantitative or qualitative.
 
          Quantitative                                                             Qualitative
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

While most methodologies contain both quantitative and qualitative elements, the characteristics of methodologies can be placed in two broad groups.
 
Quantitative Methodologies:
 
•    are removed from the original data
•    result in numerical data, tables, graphs and diagrams
•    use survey questionnaires and statistics as their main techniques
•    enable the collection of highly specific data from large populations
•    are easy to compare with other studies
•    rely heavily on the researcher’s organisational skills in writing the research questions, i.e. at the beginning of the process
 
Qualitative Methodologies:
 
•    are close to the original data
•    result in descriptive prose, quotations and summaries
•    use personal interviews and observations as their main techniques
•    enable detailed data to be obtained,
but for a small populations only
•    are difficult to compare with other studies
•    rely heavily on the researcher’s interpretive skills to understand the complexities of the resulting data, i.e.
at the end of the process
P17 Society and Culture Syllabus 2010

 
 
Quantitative Research is….
 
 
 
Qualitative research is…..
 
 
 
Practical Methodologies
 
Summarise each of the following methodologies from your text pp23-24
 
1.        Content Analysis
 
 
 
2.        Questionnaires
 
 
 
3.        Observation
 
 
 
4.     Statistical Analysis
 
 
 
 
5.     Interviews
 
 
 

 
The Cross Cultural Approach
Text p19-20, 26-27
 
Class Discussion
 
What is a cross cultural approach? What benefits does a cross cultural approach bring to social research?
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Using Personal Reflection in Social Science
 
Text p25
 
How is reflecting on personal experiences useful in Society and Culture?
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
 
 
 

 
Section 2: Personal and Social Identity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The focus of this section is on how the individual forms a concept of self. We study the processes of socialisation and explore the relationship between our biological selves and our environmental self. The notion of a ‘national identity’ (for Australia) is also explored in light of this.

 
 
Personal and Social Identity
 
The focus of this topic is the process of socialisation, and the development and coming of age of individuals in a variety of social and cultural settings.
 
During this section of the course you need to think about your own experience as an adolescent and the changes this stage of “growing up brought about”. You need to think about how adolescents learn or acquire values and what factors influence them during that period.
 
This topic may help you to develop ideas for you Personal Interest Project required for Semester 2.
 

 

IDENTITY AND SOCIALISATION


Individuals develop an identity and a sense of self through:
·         The process of socialisation.
·         The development of personality, identity and the social self.
·         Understanding the ’nature versus nurture’ debate
·         The role of family and kinship.
·         The role of class and status.
 
Names and Identity
 

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