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悉尼代寫essay The Global Economy

Australia is a federal state,悉尼代寫essay  and it adopts a centralized financial management system. The federal government's revenue accounted for about 70% of the national fiscal revenue, and the federal government spending accounts for about 30% of the national fiscal spending.悉尼代寫essay  At the same time, a large part of the local government spending comes from the federal government’s transfer payments. So the federal government plays an important role in fiscal policy. On fiscal spending, in the past few decades, the federal government has been implementing the fiscal deficit policy. This has also led to the increasing of the federal government deficit. For example, during 2011-2012, the budget deficit of the federal government is $37.1 billion. However, this figure had reached $50.4 billion a year before. In face of the growing budget deficits, the federal government had to take measures to solve the financial difficulties. On May 10, 2011 the Australian government plans to cut spending $22.2 billion over the next four years to control domestic inflation. This is the first time to cut fiscal spending in Australia in the past 23 years. And they also said that the expenditure growth rates would be controlled in less than 2% before the fiscal surplus reached 1% of gross domestic product (GDP). But whether the goal could be achieved, it is hard to say. With the appreciation of the Australian dollar, the export enterprises in Australia, especially mining companies, will be faced with the risk of the poor performance. According to the statistics, the Australian dollar has appreciated by 70% since October 2008, which is a disaster for Australia's economy under the background of the global economic downturn. This will also affect the Australia's economic growth and reduce government revenues. So if the government does not want to slow the economic down, it has to increase the fiscal spending to stimulate the domestic demand (Dornbusch, 1997). And although Australia's unemployment rate is lower in developed countries, it has a tendency to deteriorate between 2012 and 2013. According to data, the unemployment rates increases from 5.2% in November 2012 to 5.6% in March 2013. The number of employment people fall 36100 compared to last month in March 2013, 28700 of which is part-time employees. The Victoria and Queensland faces the worst decline in employment, which fell in 9300 and 9300 respectively. The main reason is that workers have been fired in the field of public services. So this shows that the employment market will continue to deteriorate. How to solve the problem to reduce the unemployment rate, the answer is that the government has to increase the fiscal spending to create more employment opportunities (Dornbusch, 1997). Next, we will discuss the problem of the personal taxation rates. Australia began to use new personal taxation rates since July 1, 2012, and substantially increased the threshold of personal income tax from $6000 to $18000. The following two statistical charts will show the difference between the new and old personal taxation rates.

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